This form of dance is done my male members only. Very useful for the student of BA and Ma music. Other important artists associated with this folk are Jhaduram Devangan and Ritu Verma. The main difference between the Purulia Chhau dance and the Odisha Chhau dance is in the use of the mask. To portray Gods and Goddesses like Devi Durga, Lakshmi and Kartik the masks are coloured dark yellow or bright orange. The dance is accompanied by a number of instruments known as Dhol, Mahuri and many more. It is story based dance performed along with dialogue and acting. Your email address will not be published. Still Kalahandi region has a foremost decree in popularizing & maintaining the distinctiveness of Ghumura dance. As the name suggests the theme is based on the incidences of Pandavas from famous epic of Mahabharat. 10 Great Destinations For A Weekend Getaway From Cuttack & Bhubaneswar. Purulia Chhau uses the mask in dance, but Odisha does not, thereby combining facial expression with body movement and gesture. The women performing the Rauf  wear colourful attire and stand in either single or double row. It is usually performed with colourful costumes. Next is Nartaki which was developed in the royal courts. It is connected with the Shakti cult of coastal regions and the performance team includes a male and female character apart from the musical accompaniers. Chhau masks are made by artists from the Sutradhar community. Purulia is home to the dance form that artistes, who wear masks, perform sequences from epics and mythology. The dance is performed along with regional musical instruments like Dhol, Dhumsa, Mohuri (Musical pipes) etc. It is important folk dance in Madya Pradesh, please include. Each regions of country has special folk or tribal dance representing the individual identity and culture and practices of that region. Traditionally Bhangra dance is performed during harvest season in vaisakhi festival as a way of celebrating. Young boys of this community perform during festivals of Dola Yatra & Giri Govardhan Puja. 10 Unique Dance Forms Of Odisha Which Are Spectacular In Their Distinctive Ways! It is performed by male dancers only who wear indigenous costumes. [1] The Chhau mask of Purulia is registered on the List of Geographical Indications. In this, the artists wear colourful costumes and perform to the music played. Your email address will not be published. The story is mostly bases on ancient religious epics. This is a unique classical dance form which has its origin from the temples. India has many dances, coming from every state in the country. Dhols and Chimtas are generally used as musicals instruments. The Chhau mask is a traditional cultural heritage of Purulia in the Indian state of West Bengal. Ghumura is a traditional folk dance of Kalahandi district which has gained much popularity in the western parts of Odisha. Mahari has its roots from the devadasi tradition where women who were attached to deities in the temple used to dance. It is not only a tribal dance but its popularity has spread to other communities also. This is not based on epics like Yakshagana but solely entertainment type. Chhau is one of the most important folk dances of India which is popular in tribal areas of eastern states namely Jharkhand, Odisha, adjacent regions of northeast Chhattisgarh and West Bengal. Although, there are only six forms of the classical dances recognised by the country on a national level. Required fields are marked *. Startup Odisha Recognised Bhubaneswar Based IoT Start-Up Raises $700k, Abhishek And Priyabrata Of Odisha Rule The Soundscape Of Mirzapur. Besides Odisha, Piaka Nrutya is also practised in Jharkhand. This information is very useful for mpsc exam.thanks for giving all gk on one website. In present times most of the festivals are associated with this dance which is mixed with traditional and modern dance steps. A tilak is generally used on the forehead of Krishna and Rama. Chhau is one of the most important folk dances of India which is popular in tribal areas of eastern states namely Jharkhand, Odisha, adjacent regions of northeast Chhattisgarh and West Bengal. Gotipua is a traditional dance form of Odisha symbolizing its rich cultural heritage. This dance depicts enjoyment and cheerfulness for welcoming the harvest season. The songs and performances of this form comprise of the typical touch of tribal and rural cultures. It is rampant among the cowherd communities primarily in Ganjam district of Odisha. The dance steps are performed with the movement of feet while women keep their hands holding in chain. The white colour is often used for lord Shiva, Ganesh and Devi Saraswati. Lead the Competition provides a set of multiple choice questions on music, dance and persons associated with various dance forms and musical instruments. This dance is performed by women. This includes blend of song and dialogues with intermittent small dance steps. This dance has now a days has become an iconic image of Gujarat. Having derived its origin from the Odia word Paika meaning soldier, Paika Nrutya is a war dance that is famous in Khurda district. The dance is made lively with off the cuff dialogues and hilarious episodes. Mahishasuramardini, Avimanyu Badh (episode of Abhimanyu being killed in the Mahabharata) and Haradhanu Bhanga (story on Lord Rama’s trying to break the Haradhanu to marry Sita) have been made popular through the performance of Chhau dancers. Purulia Chhau uses the mask in dance, but Odisha does not, thereby combining facial expression with body movement and gesture. The Chhau mask is a traditional cultural heritage of Purulia in the Indian state of West Bengal.The main difference between the Purulia Chhau dance and the Odisha Chhau dance is in the use of the mask. World Religions, Religious Books, Worship Place, Unicameral & Bicameral States in India, State Legislature, Jata Jatin, Chhau, Kathaputli, Bakho, Jhijhiya, Jatra, Jhumar, Ras Leela, Phag Dance, Daph, Dhamal, Khoria, Kaliyattam, Kaikottikali, Thullal, Theyyam, Koodiyattam, Oppana, Thitambu Nritham, Chakyar Koothu, Chadya, Dandanata, Chhau, Ghumura, Goti Puja, Dhap, Dalkhai, Karma Nach, Ghoomar, Kachchi Ghodi, Chakri, Khayal, Jhulan Leela, Jhuma, Ganore, Kolattam, Karagam, Kavadi, Theru Koothu, Kamandi, Kummi, Mayil Attam (Peacock Dance), Oyilattam, Puliyattam, Ramleela, Nautanki, Jhora, Chappeli, Kajri, Raslila, Popular Folk Dances of India, State wise Folk Dance list. The attire includes colourful wavy ghagra and kurtis. It is performed by men wearing traditional colorful Kurta, Tehmat and turban. Usually an image or idol of Godess Durga is placed in the center and the women encircle it while performing this dance. Clay, soft paper, diluted glue, cloth, mud, fine ash powder etc. Bhangra is a classical folk dance of Punjab and other regions of Punjabi community. Pandwani is a famous folk dance of Madhya Pradesh and adjacent regions of Chhattisgarh. It’s performed during the Chaita Parva and comprises of four stages of development. The Asuras are painted in black or dark green with a thick moustaches, protruding teeth and large eyes. It is a typical folk dance form of western Odisha that continues to create a perennial effect in the minds of the audience. The dance is done in two groups where one group is the attacking one while the other is the defensive one. The making of a mask goes through various stages. This dance marks the onset of harvest (Spring) season. The Chhau mask of Purulia is registered in the List of Geographical Indications in India. In this, the male artists join the female ones as drummers and musicians. This dance still remains to be hidden in the village level of South-western Odisha and in some other places. Bagha Nacha is another folk dance form of Odisha which is widely spread and enjoyed by many. While blowing the conch, the artists display harmony between the inflection of the conch. List of Geographical Indications in India, "The Official Website of Purulia District", "Bengal handicrafts to get new fillip with GI tags", Cities, towns and locations in Purulia district, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chhau_mask&oldid=980939486, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 1) Chhau Dance. This form is known to be a popular folk dance in Ganjam district. Many believe it to be a war dance that was used to provoke the warriors. We can only hope that during the upcoming times these dance forms are promoted in the best way possible so that people get to know its real beauty. Apart from these, there are several other dance forms that are performed in the outskirts of Odisha but are almost on the verge of becoming extinct. Seraikella Chhau Dance and Martial Art. Group of Kashmiri Women performing Rauf Dance. Over the centuries, Odissi has been developed under 3 schools namely Mahari, Nartaki, and Gotipua. It is a theatrical type of dance which is blended with song. As the name (Lavanya) suggests the theme is based on beauty aspects, romance and eroticism which is performed by female artists clad in colourful classical nine yard sari. 8–10 layers of soft paper, immersed in diluted glue, are pasted one after another on the mould before the mud mould is dusted with fine ash powder. After this, the mould is polished and a second round of sun drying is done before separating the layers of cloth and paper from the mould. Main Character of the dance carries ektara and/or kartal (manjira) as the  musical instruments. Where is Matki dance included? The Rauta, male character is the main singer cum commentator who delivers the main part of mythology while the Rautani, female character plays the role of Rauta’s wife as his co-singer and dancer. A dancer in India poses in Chhau dance attire in this National Geographic Your Shot Photo of the Day. Garba is a traditional folk dance of Gujarat which is performed during the festive seasons of Navratri. It got founded during the mock fights of Odia paikas (warriors) who fought rhythmically to the accompaniment of indigenous musical instruments. This page was last edited on 29 September 2020, at 10:41. Colorful dress which is called Chaniya Choli is worn by the women and young girls during this dance. Teejan Bai is the renowned exponent of this Folk dance. They are Bharatnatyam, Kathak, Kathakali, Manipuri, Kuchipudi, and Odissi. These dances are generally performed on the occasion of harvest season, festivals, to pray for rains and for recreation. Sometimes small Santhal couple masks are used. This is a popular folk dance form of Rajasthan. It is the popular dance form of northeastern state Assam. The dance comprises of many acrobatic feats and certain martial arts skills. Kirimane Shivrama Hegde, Shambhu Hegde are the popular exponents of this folk dance and are also associated with Idagunji Mahaganapathi Yakshagana Mandali. Originated in the Kingdom of Seraikella, which once belonged to the state Orissa in northeast India. Jodi Sankha or Double Conch is a unique representation of rural music. It is also performed for recreational purpose. As the name suggests the dance step involves swirling (ghum) in round motion accompanied with hand movements. It is also popular in Marathi dominating areas of South Madhya Pradesh and Northern parts of Karnataka. Also known as Dummy horse dance, this is a folk dance form performed by the fishermen community of Odisha. List of Folk dances, important for general awareness section of bank exams. The mask used in the Chhau dance of Purulia is mainly for mythological characters such as Mahishasur-Mardini, Rama-Sita, the fight of Rama and Rabana, etc. The Gotipuas are mostly young boys, from 6-14 years of age who dress as females and perform the dance with high degree of sophistication, just like any other female dancer.

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