It was the worst economic downturn in the history of the industrialized world. But mold growth doesn’t only occur in overcrowded homes; it also occurs when moisture from any source is not properly managed, and inadequate moisture management is a common problem in poorly designed and poorly constructed homes. The home’s airtight envelope – the blower door test achieved confirmed airtightness of 1.2 ACH (air changes per hour) at 50 Pa – minimizes heat transfer through air infiltration/leaks. Mold is creating real health problems for our children. In a recent interview about Cardinal House, renowned Indigenous architect Douglas Cardinal described a meeting he had with community Elders who asked him to design a better house for their people. two-storey, three-bedroom/two-bathroom Cardinal House is a high-performance, mold-resistant mass timber design. Douglas Cardinal was born in 1930s. Douglas Cardinal is part of the Silent Generation, which fo… CLIPs are a cost-efficient composite building element fabricated with CLT and other products for use in commercial, multi-unit residential and single-family applications; they are highly customizable and can be manufactured to varying degrees of completion (e.g. Douglas Joseph Cardinal OC FRAIC (born 7 March 1934) is an Indigenous Canadian architect based in Ottawa, Ontario. Energy efficient, triple-glazed windows were preinstalled into the CLIPs in the factory and contribute to the superior thermal performance of the building envelope. siding preinstalled or site-installed), with different insulation types and varied performance characteristics depending on project requirements. Idoya Arana-Beobide, managing director of Douglas Cardinal Architect, explained why wood was the natural solution for this project: “Douglas Cardinal’s vision was to create a healthy, beautiful, lasting home for the Indigenous peoples. Wood is a live material; when you are around wood, you feel good, you feel nurtured.”. “We’ve created a healthy, breathable living environment, eliminated mold and vastly increased the fire safety of the house. Recognized for his commitment to excellence and his unique creative vision, Cardinal is credited with creating an Indigenous style of Canadian architecture , characterized by gracious organic forms, which continually challenged the most advanced engineering standards. Simply put, the homes were not designed for the elevated moisture loads created by overcrowding, and the high humidity levels have led to the growth of black mold – an outcome that has serious health implications. The CLIPs used for the exterior walls of the Cardinal House have Type II EPS insulation and a thermal performance of R-28; the roof cassettes are insulated with cellulose, composed of up to 85 percent recycled newspaper, and have an R-value in excess of R-60. Cardinal Architect, CLT construction offers an excellent housing solution for challenging environments. Mass timber solves a big part of the problem. The issue of insufficient, and sometimes unsuitable, housing is one that has plagued Canada’s First Nations for decades. We can’t continue to build unhealthy houses and raise our children in them – it’s not right. CLIPs also enable rapid construction and can be prefabricated to Passive House standard, as finished exterior walls that include insulation, windows, doors and exterior cladding. Most houses last one generation; this is designed to last many. Your email address will not be published. For homes in the north, thermal bridging of the building envelope is a critical concern. Although it is true that housing supply is a concern for all jurisdictions in Canada, the shortage disproportionately affects people living on First Nations reserves. Manufactured off-site to exacting standards in a controlled indoor environment, then shipped on a single truck and assembled by a small crew in just a few days, Cardinal House is an affordable solution that uses modern materials and methods to successfully address many of the key issues contributing to the housing crisis. Lawrence Dedam, a resident and spokesperson for the Elsipogtog First Nation in New Brunswick, estimates the need in his community is about 500 homes. Committed to developing a real solution, Cardinal – along with a skilled team of construction professionals – designed, prefabricated and assembled the first Cardinal House, a prototype that was completed in October for the Elsipogtog First Nation in New Brunswick. Douglas Cardinal's life is dedicated to creating beautiful, thriving harmonious built environments. As an architect he constructs buildings, as a planner and activist he builds communities, and as a leader and philosopher, he builds bridges between dispersed cultures all over the world. The factory-built house uses innovative wall panels called CLIPs (cross-laminated insulated panels) for the building envelope. Douglas Cardinal expresses his buildings in a signature style of harmonius curvilinear forms.
“Our community has a peak of 4,000 residents, and we’re in a backlog of maybe 500 homes,” he explains. However, the prototype Cardinal House offers an affordable and repeatable solution that addresses the central concerns of the homes themselves, and delivers a mold-free, energy-efficient home designed to last for generations. The 1930s were called the Great Depression (1929-1939).
The insulated slab on grade serves multiple purposes as foundation, radiant heating system and finished floor (with epoxy coating); it also minimizes heat loss and reduce excavation costs along with the amount of concrete needed for the foundation. Radio was the main source of entertainment, information, and political propaganda, and jazz, blues, gospel, and folk music, became immensely popular. Idoya Arana-Beobide, managing director of Douglas Cardinal Architect, explained why wood was the natural solution for this project: “Douglas Cardinal’s vision was to create a healthy, beautiful, lasting home for the Indigenous peoples. Card… Condensation resulting from cold spots in the exterior walls creates the perfect environment for mold growth. “They brought me into a standard house that was stick-built with drywall and they said, ‘These houses do not work for us at all. 2 were here. We want you to design a healthy, long-lasting house that we can pass on to our grandchildren.’”. The Cardinal House addresses issues that are problematic in housing across the country: durability and longevity. We save a lot of costs on labour and transportation.”. Using engineered heavy timber products like CLT allows us to deliver quality housing to remote locations because we can do so much prefabrication in the shop.
The CLIPs are fabricated with the insulation preinstalled in the plant, a design strategy that eliminates thermal bridging and the mold-causing condensation that can come along with it. The ongoing housing crisis on reserves is a complex problem beset by environmental, logistical, infrastructure and governance challenges that, despite numerous studies and various initiatives, has yet to be successfully resolved. His passion for unconventional forms and appreciation of nature and landscape were present in his life from a very young age, and consequently developed into the unique architectural style he has employed throughout his career. Douglas Cardinal personifies the timelessness of a master builder.
The windows are Passive House certified and have an installed U-value of 0.81 W/m2K. The housing shortage isn’t the only concern in Elsipogtog.
Despite the Great Depression, Hollywood and popular film production flourished.
The housing needs across the country are as diverse as the First Nations communities affected by the crisis, so there is no single solution.
“The communities across the north are the most susceptible to climate change – they have harsh climates that are getting harsher, so the building technology needs to address that. According to Adrienne Fainman, who was the Cardinal House project manager and is an architectural designer at Douglas
“Our families are housing other families, friends’ families, in one house.”. Required fields are marked *, The official publication of the Canadian Wood Council, Energy efficient, triple-glazed windows were preinstalled into the CLIPs in the factory and contribute to the superior thermal performance of the building envelope. He, guided by the Elders, wanted to have a house that was all wood, because wood is the only renewable building material that we have. The 1,100-sq.ft. The windows are Passive House certified and have an installed U-value of 0.81 W/m, According to Adrienne Fainman, who was the Cardinal House project manager and is an architectural designer at Douglas. Your email address will not be published. Many infrastructure and governance challenges also need to be addressed for all First Nations communities to have enough healthy, suitable housing for all residents. Douglas Joseph Cardinal, architect (born 7 March 1934 in Calgary, AB). His flowing architecture marked with smooth curvilinear forms is influenced by his Aboriginal heritage as well as European Expressionist architecture. Discover what happened on this day. Mold has become a serious problem, a concern that’s shared by many other communities.
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