A Fife and Drum Corps is a musical ensemble consisting of fifes and drums. The fife is a diatonically tuned instrument commonly consisting of … They are hard to play and many of the musicians in the Fife and Drum Corps have practiced their whole lives to play them. The bass drum sounds deep and boomy and is played with special sticks called bass drum mallets.  Some fife and drum corps focus on interpreting a specific time period and portray field musicians of the era at living history events and reenactments. In Civil War corps, bugles are sometimes part of the instrumentation. Modern 10-hole and 11-hole fifes are chromatic, thus able to play any note as opposed to the more limited ancient fifes, which could only be played in a few keys. This is still the custom with British Regimental bands. The trumpets were much longer and did not have any valves to change notes because valves hadn't been invented yet! Unlike 'full' military marching bands , corps of drums usually exist within an infantry battalion .
Trumpets in the military were used to relay signals and instructions from their commander to the troops and to entertain and boost the soldier's morale.
 Most fifes are wood - blackwood, grenadilla, rosewood, mopane, pink-ivory and other dense woods are superior; maple and persimmon are inferior, but often used, particularly as entry-level instruments. In the United States of America, fife and drum corps specializing in colonial period impressions using fifes, rope tension snare drums, and (sometimes) rope tension bass drums are known as Ancient Fife and Drum Corps. During the Revolutionary War, fifes had 6 holes, but now we play fifes with 10 holes; one for each finger!
The United States Army Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps is one of four premier musical organizations of the United States Army.Members perform using musical instruments and wearing uniforms similar to those used by military musicians of the Continental Army during the American Revolution..
Songs are chosen based on a number of criteria, and can include both historically significant music and new pieces specifically composed or arranged to be played on fife and drum. Cavalry and Dragoon (mounted infantry) units did not them, instead utilizing bugles to signal commands. Uniforms often consist of tricorns or cocked hats, waistcoats, knickers (knee breeches) or gaitered trousers, ruffled cuffs, neck stocks, and buckled shoes similar those by the Continental Army or Marines.
Many of these ensembles originated from a type of military field music.
This flute is also often called the traverso, an Italian word referring to the way we hold the flute out to the side and blow across the tone hole (not directly into it) to produce sound. This is referring back to the segregation of the fifes and drums as a separate entity from a military band.
, A fife is a woodwind instrument in the transverse flute family, which sounds an octave above the written music and has 6 tone holes (some have 10 or 11 tone holes for added chromatics).
As you can tell, they were very different from what you see today.
Learn how and when to remove this template message, 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard), "Tamboers en Pijpers van het Korps Mariniers - Militaire muziek - Defensie.nl", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fife_and_drum_corps&oldid=988286300, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from March 2020, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from March 2020, Articles needing additional references from June 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Dukes Dang o'er his Daddy (buff coat), This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 06:58. Drums are one of the earliest instruments know to humans. The drums we use are known as rope-tensioned drums and are like the drums that were used during the Revolutionary War. Does this instrument look like one you have ever seen? We also make Aluminium Fifes and Flutes in any Key.
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