Until the Fall of Jerusalem in 70 A.D., it was customary for Jewish brides and bridegrooms to wear such crowns at their weddings. The fact that it begins with the location "on my bed night after night" would tend to support that this is a dream. like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense; her heart being inflamed with love to Christ, her affections moved upwards, heavenwards, and were set on things above; and which were sincere and upright, rose up in the form of palm trees, as the wordF14כתימרות "ut columnae ad formam palmae assurgntes", Buxtorf; "ut palmae", Mercerus, Cocceius; "instar palmarum", Tigurine version, Michaelis.

This is what brings joy to the heart of the king, rather than wealth or power or anything else.

Song 4:12–5:1 move progressively towards a climax; in Song 4:12 he praises her virginity; in Song 4:13–15 she is a luscious spicy garden; Song 4:16 is the girl’s eager invitation; 5:1 is the actual consummation of their love, closing with an affirmation of the fulfilment of their passion, possibly by the author. Comment. (Preacher's Outline and Sermon Bible- Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon). (Preacher's Outline and Sermon Bible- Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon), Shulamite (young woman) speaks Next a wedding feast was given which lasted up to a week or even longer. Those who went into the streets at night were thought to be prostitutes. 1999. The word is plural, "by nights"F9בלילות εν νυξιν, Sept. "per noctes", V. L. Junius & Tremeilius, Piscator; "in noctibus", Pagninus, Montanus, Tigurine versions, Marckius, Michaelis. The Song of Solomon - Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries - G. Lloyd Carr), NET Note - There is debate about the reason why the woman brought her beloved to her mother’s house. A wife also has responsibilities: (1) availability (1 Cor. Contrary to some commentators, the Song does not portray sex as the great and final goal in order to experience true joy. New York: United Bible Societies), I adjure you- This phrase translates the Hebrew verb normally associated with making an oath and here calls upon the maidens to make a solemn promise. Already in this first verse the male has addressed the senses of sight and smell. Longman calls us to "Notice that these are Solomon’s soldiers and Solomon’s carriage; soon the language will turn to talk of Solomon’s wedding.

The custom was abandoned by the Jews in their sorrow caused by the tragic war with Rome and the loss of Jerusalem (A.D. 70). Solomon was a type of Christ in his wisdom and wealth, in the largeness and peaceableness of his kingdom; in his marriage with Pharaoh's daughter, and in building the temple, a figure of the church: and by his bed is meant the place where saints meet together for religious worship, his church visible, which is his resting and dwelling place; where souls are begotten and born again, and have fellowship with Christ; and which he has a property in by gift and purchase: and a behold is prefixed to it as a note of attention, directing the daughters of Jerusalem to turn off the discourse from her, and from commendation of her, to consider the greatness of Christ her beloved; who might conclude, that if his bed was so stately as after described, bow great must he himself be; and as a note of admiration, to show how much she was affected with the greatness of his grace to her, and the privileges she enjoyed of having nearness to him, and fellowship with him; threescore valiant men are about it, of the valiant of Israel; ministers of the Gospel, such as are Israelites indeed, faithful and upright; and who are valiant, and heartily concerned for the good and welfare of Christ's people, and are careful that nothing hurt them, nor disturb their rest and repose.

It was a quite an experience for the senses!

Though the parents of the young people arranged the marriage, they usually obtained the consent of both the bride and the groom. Coming up does not refer to the direction they were traveling. 19:5). For interpreters throughout history, it has been God and his people, and for Christians, Christ and the church." Also used of a country forcibly laid waste, Isaiah 14:17. It acts as a kind of fulcrum or centre of gravity about which other counterbalancing scenarios are suspended." True loving relationships never come easily. Song 3:7–11 is a description of Solomon’s sedan chair used on the day of his wedding. Suidam in voce ζευγος.

but I found him whom my soul loveth; which she expresses with the utmost exultation and pleasure, which meeting with him must give her, after such long and fruitless searches, and so many disappointments; see John 1:41; and for Christ to show himself, without which there is no finding him, is a proof of the greatness of his love, and of the freeness and sovereignty of it; and that means, though to be used, are not to be depended on; nor should we be discouraged when they fail, since Christ can make himself known without them, as he did here to the church; who says. So significant is this happiness that the term simchah [gladness] occurs only here in the whole of the Song, despite its frequency elsewhere in the Bible (some 95 appearances) and the joyous tone of the Song. This great love story is used by God to teach a much-needed lesson.

And if this is Jerusalem (cp "daughters of Zion" or "of Jerusalem" in Song 3:11), the procession would be seen ascending up the hill to the great city with Solomon taking in the panoramic view, a view that would create in him the great joy described in Song 3:11.. (Compare Ps 24:3) The Lxx translates alah with anabaino (in present tense = continually) moving upward, ascending, as was used especially of the road leading to Jerusalem (cf Mt 20:17 "about to go up to Jerusalem").

Hess sums up this passage - The picture there suggested both the great value and pleasure that the female has in her lover and the sexual intimacy that they enjoy. Solomon himself, however, is never described and never speaks. POSB on interior lovingly fitted out by the daughters of Jerusalem - Its interior was created by the bride’s friends in Jerusalem. This same idiom appears in Song 6:10, again with no answer in the text, and in Song 8:5 where the second half of the colon demands the answer ‘the girl’ (bride)." King Solomon - Given this designation it is difficult to understand why some commentators do not believe that Solomon was the male character in this Song. NLT - One night as I lay in bed, I yearned for my lover.

The Song of Solomon - Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries - G. Lloyd Carr). (Song of Solomon Commentary). Song 2:15 catch the foxes), but ‘clutched and refused to slacken her embrace’ catches the urgency and relief of the discovery better. 7:2-5).

TODAY IN THE WORD Song 3:1-5 How long, O Lord? Only in Esther 7:8, where the king mistakenly assumes that Haman is molesting Esther as he falls on her bed (or couch) to beg for mercy, is there any sexual connotation. He then escorted her to the site of the wedding ceremony and finally took her to their new residence accompanied by their friends. POSB on Song 3:1-5 - This passage provides another glimpse into the young woman’s desire for her beloved as their marriage approached. (1-3) The restless maiden searches for her beloved.

1. de Lecticis Veter. We gaze upon the object of our love in desire, admiration, and ultimately joy because we want to do so, because we see there the fulfillment of all that we long for.

(Baker) Hinneh generally directs our mind to the text, imploring the reader to give it special attention.

meaning Christ; who was still the object of her love, and uppermost in her thoughts; whom she thus describes, without mentioning his name, as if he was the only "Him" in the world worthy of any regard; which shows how much he was in her mind, how much the desires and affections of her soul were towards him, and that these ministers needed no other description of him. They will “appear with him in glory” (Col. 3:4). A more explicit indication that she is dreaming is given in Song 5:2. ; no such drug nor spice to be found in their shops, that smell so sweet as Christ, his grace and righteousness. Carr remarks that "A basic question would have to be why someone as notoriously lascivious as Solomon should appear in an account of pure holy love, or even of pure sexual love between a man and a woman. Mighty...mighty (01368)(gibbor cp related verb gabar = be strong, accomplish, excel, prevail) is from a root which is commonly associated with warfare and has to do with the strength and vitality of the successful warrior. Reading this reference back, the entire poem seems to be a happy remembrance of Solomon’s wedding. thy lips).

7:5). This is set in chiastic balance with section C' where again they began the night apart but fell asleep together (Song 5:2-7:9; see Introduction), though hindered by the watchmen—one of many contrasts in the chiasm. (Preacher's Outline and Sermon Bible- Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon), Constable on wedding customs - Weddings in Israel took place before the local town elders rather than before the priests (e.g., Ruth 4:10–11). INTRODUCTION TO SONG OF SOLOMON 3. Longman - The mood is ebullient; the talk is about a wedding. And his love for her brought out the best in him. Her mother’s house was not in the city, but was in the mountains of southern Lebanon, at least fifty miles from Jerusalem.

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